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Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 4.25 to 8.2 million people in the United States are living with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) or chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection. About 850,000 to 2.2 million people have HBV, and an additional 3.4 to 6 million people have chronic HCV. It is estimated that 45 to 85% of persons with HCV are unaware of their infection.
According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau population estimate for Iowa, there were 3,123,899 people residing in the state. By generalizing national estimates and the percentage of persons undiagnosed, it can be projected that 1.1 to 4.1% of the state’s population, or 35,216 to 129,127 Iowans, are infected with the hepatitis C virus.
All identified forms of viral hepatitis are reportable to the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) as mandated by Iowa Code section 139A.3. Due to the infectious nature of each form of viral hepatitis, it is necessary that each case be reported so that prevention and control efforts may be initiated by IDPH.
Epidemiological Profile of Hepatitis C in Iowa - Released February, 2017
Fact Sheet - HCV Among Baby Boomers
Fact Sheet - HCV Among People 30 and Under
Fact Sheet - HCV in Iowa
Shane Scharer, M.S., Viral Hepatitis Program Coordinator
Kelli Smith, RN, BSN, Perinatal Hepatitis B Program Coordinator
Randy Mayer, M.S., M.P.H., Chief, Bureau of HIV, STD, and Hepatitis
Patricia Young, HIV and Hepatitis Program Manager
For More Information on Viral Hepatitis