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Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 4.25 to 8.2 million people in the United States are living with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) or chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection. About 850,000 to 2.2 million people have HBV, and an additional 3.4 to 6 million people have chronic HCV. It is estimated that 45 to 85% of persons with HCV are unaware of their infection.

According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau population estimate for Iowa, there were 3,123,899 people residing in the state. As of December 31, 2016, there were 23,588 Iowans diagnosed with hepatitis C who were reported to IDPH. Based on this number of reports, there are likely 39,215 to 149,173 Iowans with hepatitis C infections, with 17,647 to 126,797, of these people undiagnosed.

All identified forms of viral hepatitis are reportable to the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) as mandated by Iowa Code section 139A.3. Due to the infectious nature of each form of viral hepatitis, it is necessary that each case be reported so that prevention and control efforts may be initiated by IDPH.

Medical providers who diagnose patients with HCV and laboratories who find positive results are required to report. Many laboratories now have automated processes (e.g., Electronic Laboratory Reporting) to report their results. The technology for automated reporting directly from medical providers is not fully developed at this time. The most common method of reporting by medical providers is by completing the form titled, Iowa Disease Reporting Card. The form may be faxed in to the number located at the top of the form.

For questions related to reporting of HCV, please contact: Shane Scharer, Hepatitis Data Coordinator at (515) 281-5027


IDPH performs surveillance follow up calls on Iowans diagnosed with hepatitis C under the age of 40.

CDC Recommends anyone born from 1945 - 1965 get tested for Hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C - Why Baby Boomers Should Get Tested

Resources and Data

Subscribe to our Epidemiological and Data Reports here

Hepatitis Action Plan 2017-2021 PDF

Hepatitis C End-Of-Year 2016 Surveillance Report PDF

Epidemiological Profile of Hepatitis C in Iowa - Released February, 201PDF

Fact Sheet - HCV Among Baby Boomers PDF 

Fact Sheet - HCV Among People 30 and Under PDF

Fact Sheet - HCV in Iowa 

Hepatitis C Virus Infection Diagnostic Testing Algorithm 


Contact Information

Randy Mayer, Bureau Chief  515-242-5150
Patricia Young, HIV and Hepatitis Prevention Program Manager  515-242-5838
Nicole Kolm-Valdivia, Data Program Manager  515-281-6974
Shane Scharer, Hepatitis Data Coordinator  515-281-5027
Shelly Jensen, RN, BSN, Perinatal Hepatitis B Program Coordinator  515-281-4938

For More Information on Viral Hepatitis