Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose (sugar) levels are high, but not high enough yet to be classified as type 2 diabetes. Most people with prediabetes don’t know they have it; in fact, more than one in three Iowa adults have prediabetes, which means they are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. According to the Iowa Department of Public Health, people with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for heart disease, stroke, and serious diabetes-related complications.
March 28 is Diabetes Alert Day. IDPH encourages Iowans to know their risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes by taking a quick, online one-minute risk test at http://DoIHavePrediabetes.org. By knowing your risk, you can take steps to help prevent or delay getting type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes can often be reversed through modest weight loss (five to seven percent of body weight), making small changes to increase healthy eating, and increasing moderate physical activity. These steps help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes from developing. If you have prediabetes, the National Diabetes Prevention Program can help. This year-long program has been proven effective at preventing or delaying type 2 diabetes.
For people with type 2 diabetes, it is important to work with your healthcare provider to manage the condition and prevent complications. Diabetes self-management education programs can help. Talk to your healthcare provider about joining a diabetes self-management education class.
To take the Prediabetes Risk Test, visit http://DoIHavePrediabetes.org. A list of National Diabetes Prevention Program and YMCA Diabetes Prevention Program sites in Iowa is available at https://idph.iowa.gov/Portals/1/userfiles/29/Diabetes%20Prevention%20Program%20Summary.pdf.
Additional information about Iowa Department of Public Health’s diabetes prevention and control efforts is available at http://idph.iowa.gov/diabetes.