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Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 4.25 to 8.2 million people in the United States are living with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) or chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection. About 850,000 to 2.2 million people have HBV, and an additional 3.4 to 6 million people have chronic HCV. It is estimated that 45 to 85% of persons with HCV are unaware of their infection.
According to the 2015 U.S. Census Bureau population estimate for Iowa, there were 3,123,899 people residing in the state. As of December 31, 2016, there were 23,588 Iowans diagnosed with hepatitis C who were reported to IDPH. Based on this number of reports, there are likely 39,215 to 149,173 Iowans with hepatitis C infections, with 17,647 to 126,797, of these people undiagnosed.
All identified forms of viral hepatitis are reportable to the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) as mandated by Iowa Code section 139A.3. Due to the infectious nature of each form of viral hepatitis, it is necessary that each case be reported so that prevention and control efforts may be initiated by IDPH.
Medical providers who diagnose patients with HCV and laboratories who find positive results are required to report. Many laboratories now have automated processes (e.g., Electronic Laboratory Reporting) to report their results. The technology for automated reporting directly from medical providers is not fully developed at this time. The most common method of reporting by medical providers is by completing the form titled, Iowa Disease Reporting Card. The form may be faxed in to the number located at the top of the form.
For questions related to reporting of HCV, please contact: Shane Scharer, Hepatitis Data Coordinator at (515) 281-5027
IDPH performs surveillance follow up calls on Iowans diagnosed with hepatitis C under the age of 40.
CDC Recommends anyone born from 1945 - 1965 get tested for Hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C - Why Baby Boomers Should Get Tested
Resources and Data
Subscribe to our Epidemiological and Data Reports here.
Hepatitis C End-Of-Year 2016 Surveillance Report
Epidemiological Profile of Hepatitis C in Iowa - Released February, 2017
Fact Sheet - HCV Among Baby Boomers
Fact Sheet - HCV Among People 30 and Under
Fact Sheet - HCV in Iowa
Hepatitis C Virus Infection Diagnostic Testing Algorithm
|Randy Mayer, Bureau Chief
|Patricia Young, HIV and Hepatitis Prevention Program Manager
|Nicole Kolm-Valdivia, Data Program Manager
|Shane Scharer, Hepatitis Data Coordinator
|Kelli Smith, RN, BSN, Perinatal Hepatitis B Program Coordinator
For More Information on Viral Hepatitis